What you need to know about depression and obsession in Spain
Posted October 09, 2018 10:13:25Spanish people are more depressed than in most other European countries, a new study has revealed.
Researchers at the University of Madrid and the University Hospital of Catalonia (UHC) have found that, on average, people in Spain experience the most depressive episodes of their lives, as well as the most anxiety.
They also found that Spanish people have the most obsessive-compulsive tendencies, and that obsessive- compulsive disorder is the second most common mental health condition in Spain.
The study looked at data from a nationally representative sample of 1,093 adults from Spain between the ages of 18 and 75.
Depression was defined as having a score of at least 3 on the BDI-16 scale, meaning that the participant had experienced at least 1 episode of major depression or a severe depressive episode within the last 3 months.
Among the most common disorders in Spain, obsessive- Compulsive Disorder (OCD) was the second-most common, followed by depression and anxiety.
According to the researchers, people who scored more than 1 on the scale have a greater chance of developing OCD, and also more likely to have a history of OCD-related disorders.
They added that those with OCD also have a higher likelihood of experiencing at least one depressive episode in their lifetime.
People who have OCD also tend to have more depressive symptoms than those with other psychiatric disorders.
“There is a big difference in depressive symptoms among OCD sufferers and non-OCD sufferers, which means that the disorder is more common among OCD- sufferers,” lead author Dr Marta Martínez, a PhD student in the University’s department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences, told the Associated Press news agency.”OCD is a disorder of the mind, and we know that OCD patients have a lower rate of depressive symptoms, which is linked to better functioning and lower anxiety,” she added.
“But we didn’t know how prevalent the disorder was.
We also didn’t realise that people with OCD have an increased risk of depression and of anxiety.”
The results of the study were published in the journal Psychiatry Research.
The findings also showed that people who are obsessive-Compulsive in Spain are also at higher risk of developing depression.
People with OCD-like symptoms were more likely than non-obsessive-compulsives to report having a family history of depression, and having a history that was associated with higher levels of social anxiety.
“It means that OCD sufferer’s families may be more likely for a child to have OCD than non-“obsessives”, Dr Martínes said.”
In addition, OCD suffiser’s relatives also have higher risk for having anxiety,” the researchers added.
Depression is often accompanied by a sense of emptiness and hopelessness, but Dr Martias said that the findings showed that “depression is not a state that we can eliminate completely from our lives”.”
We should always remember that depression is a symptom of a disorder, but it does not have to be the cause,” she said.
Source: Al Jazeera